US defense secretary sees the enduring costs of Vietnam War

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<pU.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is getting a firsthand look at the enduring costs of fighting the Vietnam War.

<pMattis visited an air base north of Ho Chi Minh City that was heavily contaminated in the late 1960s and early 1970s by American forces through storage and spillage of the chemical defoliant Agent Orange.

<pFour years ago the U.S. pledged to clean and restore the parts of Bien Hoa (bee-yen WAH') air base that were contaminated.

<pThe U.S. Agency for International Development soon will begin a soil restoration project at the base estimated to take several years and cost $390 million.

<pReporters who traveled to Vietnam with the defense secretary were forbidden to attend an outdoor briefing for Mattis by USAID officials and others. And the USAID officials who spoke to reporters prior to the briefing refused to be quoted by name, saying they were not authorized to do so.

<pThe officials said soil excavation at the base is scheduled to start next year, with contractors arriving at Bien Hoa by December.